While Greek is attested from very early times, allowing a secure reconstruction of a Proto-Greek language dating to circa 3rd millennium BC, the history of Armenian is opaque.It is strongly linked with Indo-Iranian languages; in particular, it is a satem language.
The hypothetical Proto-Graeco-Armenian stage would need to date to the 3rd millennium BC, only barely differentiated from either late PIE or Graeco-Armeno-Aryan.The Graeco-Armenian hypothesis originated in 1924 with Holger Pedersen, who noted that the number of Greek-Armenian lexical cognates is greater than that of agreements between Armenian and any other Indo-European language. Solta does not go as far as postulating a Proto-Graeco-Armenian stage, but he concludes that considering both the lexicon and morphology, Greek is clearly the dialect most closely related to Armenian.In the context of a synchronic lexical study of the Gbe varieties of West Africa, this paper explores the question of whether the application of different sets of similarity judgment criteria in analyzing lexical features with complex polymorphemic word-structures, giving special emphasis to additional morphemes and reduplication, leads to the same or different conclusions as to the relative relationships and clustering of the investigated varieties and the prioritization of further sociolinguistic research.The Gbe language continuum (Kwa language family) is situated in the southeastern part of West Africa, occupying large areas in southern Benin, Togo, and southeastern Ghana.In order to model spatial-temporal rate heterogeneity we add a catastrophe process to the model.
When a language passes through a catastrophe, many traits change at the same time.
The earliest testimony of the Armenian language dates to the 5th century AD (the Bible translation of Mesrob Mashtots).
The earlier history of the language is unclear and the subject of much speculation.
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Nicholls and Gray (2008) dropped seven languages with too much missing data.